1. China: In 2023, President Biden will face the continuing challenge of managing the strategic competition between the US and China. This will involve addressing areas such as trade, technology, 5G, human rights and the disputed South China Sea.
2. Russia: Biden must continue to push back against Russia’s malign activities. This includes confronting election interference, cyberattacks and human rights violations, as well as strengthening alliances with European allies.
3. War in the Middle East: Biden must also engage with various stakeholders to try and reduce regional tensions in the Middle East, which have resulted in multiple wars over the past decades. This includes bolstering ties with Israel and Saudi Arabia, while also seeking a diplomatic solution to the conflicts in Syria, Yemen and Iraq.